Aboriginal Relocation

Resettlement Plan

The project was initiated in 1980 (4th Malaysia Plan) with the Cabinet decision originally aiming to contain the activities of subversive elements (communists) influencing the Orang Asli in the interior. The plan for the most part involved the evacuation of Orang Asli from their original sites to resettlement in new locations. There were 17 resettlement locations, i.e. 6 in Perak, 7 in Pahang, 3 in Kelantan and 1 in Johor (the Kudung Resettlement Plan was developed by the Johor Corporation Education Foundation). Among the incentives and development projects channelled through the plan were the provision of houses to participants of the programme, integrated development of infrastructure as well as the cultivation of commercial crops such as oil palm and rubber. Through commercial crop cultivation, the participants not only received dividends from the produce, but also were given the opportunity to be directly involved as plantation workers.

Restructuring of Villages

A total of 217 Orang Asli villages (12,264 heads of households) were involved in the implementation of the JAKOA restructuring of villages that was approved in 1997 (7th Malaysia Plan). The aim was to upgrade the village infrastructure and public amenities, basic facilities and land development projects such as oil palm and rubber cultivation so as to increase the incomes of the local people. The participants also received incentives and enjoyed facilities similar to those enjoyed by the Resettlement Plan participants.

New Village Plan

The department also implemented the New Village Plan in the security zones bordering Thailand (KESBAN – Security and Development). This programme was specifically to develop and safeguard the welfare of the Orang Asli in those areas. Participants also enjoyed incentives and facilities similar to those enjoyed by the participants of the resettlement and restructuring programmes.

Natural Disaster Project

The project began in 1997. A total of 113 Orang Asli villages were identified by the State Natural Disaster Technical Committees under the categories of high, medium and low risk areas. Orang Asli villages categorised as high risk were those that could experience floods, landslides and sea surges or storms and coastal villages in Johor, Pahang and Selangor. The department provided allocations for evacuating the inhabitants to new locations, providing new sites and houses, as well as constructing roads, drainage canals, etc. whereas villages categorised as medium risk were given allocations for repairing drainage systems, sewers, widening/deepening of rivers, constructing barriers, etc.

Land Survey for Resettlement of Orang Asli (VILLAGES) / Land Acquisition

Given that many areas approved by the state government for the resettlement of Orang Asli had yet to be gazetted or to fulfil the land survey and engineering requirement for implementing the federal development projects, the Department of Orang Asli Development had received an allocation for this purpose. Through the facilities provided, issues related to land acquisition, boundaries and survey works had to be dealt with accordingly. The implementation of the project was subject to the jurisdiction of the land administrator and the regulations in force at that time.