A total of 217 Orang Asli villages (12,264 heads of households) were involved in the implementation of the JAKOA restructuring of villages that was approved in 1997 (7th Malaysia Plan). The aim was to upgrade the village infrastructure and public amenities, basic facilities and land development projects such as oil palm and rubber cultivation so as to increase the incomes of the local people. The participants also received incentives and enjoyed facilities similar to those enjoyed by the Resettlement Plan participants.
The department also implemented the New Village Plan in the security zones bordering Thailand (KESBAN – Security and Development). This programme was specifically to develop and safeguard the welfare of the Orang Asli in those areas. Participants also enjoyed incentives and facilities similar to those enjoyed by the participants of the resettlement and restructuring programmes.